Genetic Epidemiology, Translational Neurogenomics, Psychiatric Genetics and Statistical Genetics Laboratories investigate the pattern of disease in families, particularly identical and non-identical twins, to assess the relative importance of genes and environment in a variety of important health problems.
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32064741
TITLE
Shared genetic risk between eating disorder- and substance-use-related phenotypes: Evidence from genome-wide association studies.
ABSTRACT
Eating disorders and substance use disorders frequently co-occur. Twin studies reveal shared genetic variance between liabilities to eating disorders and substance use, with the strongest associations between symptoms of bulimia nervosa and problem alcohol use (genetic correlation [r ], twin-based = 0.23-0.53). We estimated the genetic correlation between eating disorder and substance use and disorder phenotypes using data from genome-wide association studies (GWAS). Four eating disorder phenotypes (anorexia nervosa [AN], AN with binge eating, AN without binge eating, and a bulimia nervosa factor score), and eight substance-use-related phenotypes (drinks per week, alcohol use disorder [AUD], smoking initiation, current smoking, cigarettes per day, nicotine dependence, cannabis initiation, and cannabis use disorder) from eight studies were included. Significant genetic correlations were adjusted for variants associated with major depressive disorder and schizophrenia. Total study sample sizes per phenotype ranged from ~2400 to ~537 000 individuals. We used linkage disequilibrium score regression to calculate single nucleotide polymorphism-based genetic correlations between eating disorder- and substance-use-related phenotypes. Significant positive genetic associations emerged between AUD and AN (r = 0.18; false discovery rate q = 0.0006), cannabis initiation and AN (r = 0.23; q < 0.0001), and cannabis initiation and AN with binge eating (r = 0.27; q = 0.0016). Conversely, significant negative genetic correlations were observed between three nondiagnostic smoking phenotypes (smoking initiation, current smoking, and cigarettes per day) and AN without binge eating (r = -0.19 to -0.23; qs < 0.04). The genetic correlation between AUD and AN was no longer significant after co-varying for major depressive disorder loci. The patterns of association between eating disorder- and substance-use-related phenotypes highlights the potentially complex and substance-specific relationships among these behaviors.
2020 Society for the Study of Addiction.
DATE PUBLISHED
2020 Feb 16
HISTORY
PUBSTATUS PUBSTATUSDATE
received 2019/08/21
revised 2019/12/09
accepted 2020/01/13
entrez 2020/02/18 06:00
pubmed 2020/02/18 06:00
medline 2020/02/18 06:00
AUTHORS
NAME COLLECTIVENAME LASTNAME FORENAME INITIALS AFFILIATION AFFILIATIONINFO
Munn-Chernoff MA Munn-Chernoff Melissa A MA Department of Psychiatry, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA.
Johnson EC Johnson Emma C EC Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, Missouri, USA.
Chou YL Chou Yi-Ling YL Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, Missouri, USA.
Coleman JRI Coleman Jonathan R I JRI National Institute for Health Research Biomedical Research Centre, King's College London and South London and Maudsley National Health Service Trust, London, UK.
Thornton LM Thornton Laura M LM Department of Psychiatry, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA.
Walters RK Walters Raymond K RK Stanley Center for Psychiatric Research, Broad Institute of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA.
Yilmaz Z Yilmaz Zeynep Z Department of Genetics, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA.
Baker JH Baker Jessica H JH Department of Psychiatry, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA.
Hübel C Hübel Christopher C Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
Gordon S Gordon Scott S QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.
Medland SE Medland Sarah E SE QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.
Watson HJ Watson Hunna J HJ School of Paediatrics and Child Health, University of Western Australia, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
Gaspar HA Gaspar Héléna A HA National Institute for Health Research Biomedical Research Centre, King's College London and South London and Maudsley National Health Service Trust, London, UK.
Bryois J Bryois Julien J Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
Hinney A Hinney Anke A Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, University Hospital Essen, University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany.
Leppä VM Leppä Virpi M VM Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
Mattheisen M Mattheisen Manuel M Department of Psychiatry, Psychosomatics and Psychotherapy, University of Würzburg, Germany.
Ripke S Ripke Stephan S Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Charité - Universitätsmedizin, Berlin, Germany.
Yao S Yao Shuyang S Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
Giusti-Rodríguez P Giusti-Rodríguez Paola P Department of Genetics, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA.
Hanscombe KB Hanscombe Ken B KB Department of Medical and Molecular Genetics, King's College London, Guy's Hospital, London, UK.
Adan RAH Adan Roger A H RAH Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
Alfredsson L Alfredsson Lars L Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
Ando T Ando Tetsuya T Department of Behavioral Medicine, National Institute of Mental Health, National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry, Kodaira, Japan.
Andreassen OA Andreassen Ole A OA Division of Mental Health and Addiction, NORMENT Centre, University of Oslo, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway.
Berrettini WH Berrettini Wade H WH Department of Psychiatry, Center for Neurobiology and Behavior, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.
Boehm I Boehm Ilka I Division of Psychological and Social Medicine and Developmental Neurosciences, Faculty of Medicine, Technische Universität Dresden, Dresden, Germany.
Boni C Boni Claudette C Centre of Psychiatry and Neuroscience, INSERM U894, Paris, France.
Boraska Perica V Boraska Perica Vesna V Department of Medical Biology, School of Medicine, University of Split, Split, Croatia.
Buehren K Buehren Katharina K Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Psychosomatics and Psychotherapy, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany.
Burghardt R Burghardt Roland R Klinikum Frankfurt/Oder, Frankfurt, Germany.
Cassina M Cassina Matteo M Clinical Genetics Unit, Department of Woman and Child Health, University of Padova, Italy.
Cichon S Cichon Sven S Institute of Neuroscience and Medicine (INM-1), Research Center Juelich, Germany.
Clementi M Clementi Maurizio M Clinical Genetics Unit, Department of Woman and Child Health, University of Padova, Italy.
Cone RD Cone Roger D RD Department of Molecular and Integrative Physiology, Life Sciences Institute, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA.
Courtet P Courtet Philippe P Department of Emergency Psychiatry and Post-Acute Care, CHRU Montpellier, University of Montpellier, Montpellier, France.
Crow S Crow Scott S Department of Psychiatry, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA.
Crowley JJ Crowley James J JJ Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
Danner UN Danner Unna N UN Altrecht Eating Disorders Rintveld, Altrecht Mental Health Institute, Zeist, The Netherlands.
Davis OSP Davis Oliver S P OSP School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK.
de Zwaan M de Zwaan Martina M Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany.
Dedoussis G Dedoussis George G Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Harokopio University, Athens, Greece.
Degortes D Degortes Daniela D Department of Neurosciences, University of Padova, Padova, Italy.
DeSocio JE DeSocio Janiece E JE College of Nursing, Seattle University, Seattle, Washington, USA.
Dick DM Dick Danielle M DM Department of Human & Molecular Genetics, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia, USA.
Dikeos D Dikeos Dimitris D Department of Psychiatry, Athens University Medical School, Athens University, Athens, Greece.
Dina C Dina Christian C l'institut du thorax, INSERM, CNRS, Univ Nantes, Nantes, France.
Dmitrzak-Weglarz M Dmitrzak-Weglarz Monika M Department of Psychiatric Genetics, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland.
Docampo E Docampo Elisa E Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red en Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP), Barcelona, Spain.
Duncan LE Duncan Laramie E LE Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University, Stanford, California, USA.
Egberts K Egberts Karin K Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Psychosomatics and Psychotherapy, Centre for Mental Health, University Hospital of Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany.
Ehrlich S Ehrlich Stefan S Division of Psychological and Social Medicine and Developmental Neurosciences, Faculty of Medicine, Technische Universität Dresden, Dresden, Germany.
Escaramís G Escaramís Geòrgia G Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red en Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP), Barcelona, Spain.
Esko T Esko Tõnu T Program in Medical and Population Genetics, Broad Institute of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA.
Estivill X Estivill Xavier X Genomics and Disease, Bioinformatics and Genomics Programme, Centre for Genomic Regulation, Barcelona, Spain.
Farmer A Farmer Anne A Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry (SGDP) Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London, London, UK.
Favaro A Favaro Angela A Department of Neurosciences, University of Padova, Padova, Italy.
Fernández-Aranda F Fernández-Aranda Fernando F Department of Clinical Sciences, School of Medicine, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.
Fichter MM Fichter Manfred M MM Schön Klinik Roseneck affiliated with the Medical Faculty of the University of Munich, Munich, Germany.
Fischer K Fischer Krista K Estonian Genome Center, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia.
Föcker M Föcker Manuel M Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, University of Münster, Münster, Germany.
Foretova L Foretova Lenka L Department of Cancer, Epidemiology and Genetics, Masaryk Memorial Cancer Institute, Brno, Czech Republic.
Forstner AJ Forstner Andreas J AJ Department of Psychiatry (UPK), University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.
Forzan M Forzan Monica M Clinical Genetics Unit, Department of Woman and Child Health, University of Padova, Italy.
Franklin CS Franklin Christopher S CS Wellcome Sanger Institute, Wellcome Genome Campus, Cambridge, UK.
Gallinger S Gallinger Steven S Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Giegling I Giegling Ina I Department of Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, Martin-Luther-University Halle-Wittenberg, Halle (Saale), Germany.
Giuranna J Giuranna Johanna J Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, University Hospital Essen, University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany.
Gonidakis F Gonidakis Fragiskos F 1st Psychiatric Department, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Medical School, Eginition Hospital, Athens, Greece.
Gorwood P Gorwood Philip P CMME (GHU Paris Psychiatrie et Neurosciences), Paris Descartes University, Paris, France.
Gratacos Mayora M Gratacos Mayora Monica M Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red en Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP), Barcelona, Spain.
Guillaume S Guillaume Sébastien S Department of Emergency Psychiatry and Post-Acute Care, CHRU Montpellier, University of Montpellier, Montpellier, France.
Guo Y Guo Yiran Y Center for Applied Genomics, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.
Hakonarson H Hakonarson Hakon H Department of Pediatrics, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.
Hatzikotoulas K Hatzikotoulas Konstantinos K Helmholtz Zentrum München - German Research Centre for Environmental Health, Institute of Translational Genomics, Neuherberg, Germany.
Hauser J Hauser Joanna J Department of Adult Psychiatry, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland.
Hebebrand J Hebebrand Johannes J Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, University Hospital Essen, University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany.
Helder SG Helder Sietske G SG Zorg op Orde, Delft, The Netherlands.
Herms S Herms Stefan S Department of Biomedicine, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.
Herpertz-Dahlmann B Herpertz-Dahlmann Beate B Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Psychosomatics and Psychotherapy, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany.
Herzog W Herzog Wolfgang W Department of General Internal Medicine and Psychosomatics, Heidelberg University Hospital, Heidelberg University, Heidelberg, Germany.
Huckins LM Huckins Laura M LM Department of Psychiatry, and Genetics and Genomics Sciences, Division of Psychiatric Genomics, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York, USA.
Hudson JI Hudson James I JI Biological Psychiatry Laboratory, McLean Hospital/Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.
Imgart H Imgart Hartmut H Eating Disorders Unit, Parklandklinik, Bad Wildungen, Germany.
Inoko H Inoko Hidetoshi H Department of Molecular Life Science, Division of Basic Medical Science and Molecular Medicine, School of Medicine, Tokai University, Isehara, Japan.
Janout V Janout Vladimir V Faculty of Health Sciences, Palacky University, Olomouc, Czech Republic.
Jiménez-Murcia S Jiménez-Murcia Susana S Department of Clinical Sciences, School of Medicine, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.
Julià A Julià Antonio A Rheumatology Research Group, Vall d'Hebron Research Institute, Barcelona, Spain.
Kalsi G Kalsi Gursharan G Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry (SGDP) Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London, London, UK.
Kaminská D Kaminská Deborah D Department of Psychiatry, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic.
Karhunen L Karhunen Leila L Department of Clinical Nutrition, Institute of Public Health and Clinical Nutrition, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland.
Karwautz A Karwautz Andreas A Eating Disorders Unit, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.
Kas MJH Kas Martien J H MJH Groningen Institute for Evolutionary Life Sciences, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.
Kennedy JL Kennedy James L JL Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Keski-Rahkonen A Keski-Rahkonen Anna A Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.
Kiezebrink K Kiezebrink Kirsty K Institute of Applied Health Sciences, School of Medicine, Medical Sciences and Nutrition, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK.
Kim YR Kim Youl-Ri YR Department of Psychiatry, Seoul Paik Hospital, Inje University, Seoul, Korea.
Klump KL Klump Kelly L KL Department of Psychology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, USA.
Knudsen GPS Knudsen Gun Peggy S GPS Department of Mental Disorders, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway.
La Via MC La Via Maria C MC Department of Psychiatry, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA.
Le Hellard S Le Hellard Stephanie S Department of Clinical Medicine, Laboratory Building, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway.
Levitan RD Levitan Robert D RD Institute of Medical Science, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Li D Li Dong D Center for Applied Genomics, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.
Lilenfeld L Lilenfeld Lisa L The Chicago School of Professional Psychology, Washington DC Campus, Washington, District of Columbia, USA.
Lin BD Lin Bochao Danae BD Department of Translational Neuroscience, Brain Center Rudolf Magnus, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands.
Lissowska J Lissowska Jolanta J Department of Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention, M Skłodowska-Curie Cancer Center - Oncology Center, Warsaw, Poland.
Luykx J Luykx Jurjen J Department of Translational Neuroscience, Brain Center Rudolf Magnus, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands.
Magistretti PJ Magistretti Pierre J PJ Department of Psychiatry, University of Lausanne-University Hospital of Lausanne (UNIL-CHUV), Lausanne, Switzerland.
Maj M Maj Mario M Department of Psychiatry, University of Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli", Naples, Italy.
Mannik K Mannik Katrin K Center for Integrative Genomics, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland.
Marsal S Marsal Sara S Rheumatology Research Group, Vall d'Hebron Research Institute, Barcelona, Spain.
Marshall CR Marshall Christian R CR Department of Paediatric Laboratory Medicine, Division of Genome Diagnostics, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Mattingsdal M Mattingsdal Morten M NORMENT KG Jebsen Centre, Division of Mental Health and Addiction, University of Oslo, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway.
McDevitt S McDevitt Sara S Eist Linn Adolescent Unit, Bessborough, Health Service Executive South, Cork, Ireland.
McGuffin P McGuffin Peter P Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry (SGDP) Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London, London, UK.
Metspalu A Metspalu Andres A Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia.
Meulenbelt I Meulenbelt Ingrid I Molecular Epidemiology Section (Department of Biomedical Datasciences), Leiden University Medical Centre, Leiden, The Netherlands.
Micali N Micali Nadia N Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Geneva University Hospital, Geneva, Switzerland.
Mitchell K Mitchell Karen K Department of Psychiatry, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.
Monteleone AM Monteleone Alessio Maria AM Department of Psychiatry, University of Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli", Naples, Italy.
Monteleone P Monteleone Palmiero P Department of Medicine, Surgery and Dentistry "Scuola Medica Salernitana", University of Salerno, Salerno, Italy.
Nacmias B Nacmias Benedetta B Department of Neuroscience, Psychology, Drug Research and Child Health (NEUROFARBA), University of Florence, Florence, Italy.
Navratilova M Navratilova Marie M Department of Cancer, Epidemiology and Genetics, Masaryk Memorial Cancer Institute, Brno, Czech Republic.
Ntalla I Ntalla Ioanna I Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Harokopio University, Athens, Greece.
O'Toole JK O'Toole Julie K JK Kartini Clinic, Portland, Oregon, USA.
Ophoff RA Ophoff Roel A RA Department of Psychiatry, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
Padyukov L Padyukov Leonid L Department of Medicine, Center for Molecular Medicine, Division of Rheumatology, Karolinska Institutet and Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
Palotie A Palotie Aarno A Center for Human Genome Research, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.
Pantel J Pantel Jacques J Centre of Psychiatry and Neuroscience, INSERM U894, Paris, France.
Papezova H Papezova Hana H Department of Psychiatry, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic.
Pinto D Pinto Dalila D Department of Psychiatry, and Genetics and Genomics Sciences, Division of Psychiatric Genomics, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York, USA.
Rabionet R Rabionet Raquel R Department of Genetics, Microbiology and Statistics, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.
Raevuori A Raevuori Anu A Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.
Ramoz N Ramoz Nicolas N Centre of Psychiatry and Neuroscience, INSERM U894, Paris, France.
Reichborn-Kjennerud T Reichborn-Kjennerud Ted T Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
Ricca V Ricca Valdo V Department of Health Science, University of Florence, Florence, Italy.
Ripatti S Ripatti Samuli S Department of Biometry, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.
Ritschel F Ritschel Franziska F Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Eating Disorders Research and Treatment Center, Technische Universität Dresden, Dresden, Germany.
Roberts M Roberts Marion M Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry (SGDP) Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London, London, UK.
Rotondo A Rotondo Alessandro A Department of Psychiatry, Neurobiology, Pharmacology, and Biotechnologies, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.
Rujescu D Rujescu Dan D Department of Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, Martin-Luther-University Halle-Wittenberg, Halle (Saale), Germany.
Rybakowski F Rybakowski Filip F Department of Psychiatry, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland.
Santonastaso P Santonastaso Paolo P Department of Neurosciences, Padua Neuroscience Center, University of Padova, Padova, Italy.
Scherag A Scherag André A Institute of Medical Statistics, Computer and Data Sciences, Jena University Hospital, Jena, Germany.
Scherer SW Scherer Stephen W SW McLaughlin Centre, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Schmidt U Schmidt Ulrike U Department of Psychological Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London, London, UK.
Schork NJ Schork Nicholas J NJ J. Craig Venter Institute (JCVI), La Jolla, California, USA.
Schosser A Schosser Alexandra A Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.
Seitz J Seitz Jochen J Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Psychosomatics and Psychotherapy, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany.
Slachtova L Slachtova Lenka L Department of Pediatrics and Center of Applied Genomics, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic.
Slagboom PE Slagboom P Eline PE Molecular Epidemiology Section (Department of Medical Statistics), Leiden University Medical Centre, Leiden, The Netherlands.
Slof-Op't Landt MCT Slof-Op't Landt Margarita C T MCT Department of Psychiatry, Leiden University Medical Centre, Leiden, The Netherlands.
Slopien A Slopien Agnieszka A Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland.
Sorbi S Sorbi Sandro S IRCCS Fondazione Don Carlo Gnocchi, Florence, Italy.
Świątkowska B Świątkowska Beata B Department of Environmental Epidemiology, Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine, Lodz, Poland.
Szatkiewicz JP Szatkiewicz Jin P JP Department of Genetics, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA.
Tachmazidou I Tachmazidou Ioanna I Wellcome Sanger Institute, Wellcome Genome Campus, Cambridge, UK.
Tenconi E Tenconi Elena E Department of Neurosciences, University of Padova, Padova, Italy.
Tortorella A Tortorella Alfonso A Department of Psychiatry, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy.
Tozzi F Tozzi Federica F Brain Sciences Department, Stremble Ventures, Limassol, Cyprus.
Treasure J Treasure Janet J Department of Psychological Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London, London, UK.
Tsitsika A Tsitsika Artemis A Adolescent Health Unit, Second Department of Pediatrics, "P. & A. Kyriakou" Children's Hospital, University of Athens, Athens, Greece.
Tyszkiewicz-Nwafor M Tyszkiewicz-Nwafor Marta M Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland.
Tziouvas K Tziouvas Konstantinos K Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, "P. & A. Kyriakou" Children's Hospital, University of Athens, Athens, Greece.
van Elburg AA van Elburg Annemarie A AA Faculty of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands.
van Furth EF van Furth Eric F EF Department of Psychiatry, Leiden University Medical Centre, Leiden, The Netherlands.
Wagner G Wagner Gudrun G Eating Disorders Unit, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.
Walton E Walton Esther E Division of Psychological and Social Medicine and Developmental Neurosciences, Faculty of Medicine, Technische Universität Dresden, Dresden, Germany.
Widen E Widen Elisabeth E Institute for Molecular Medicine FIMM, HiLIFE, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.
Zeggini E Zeggini Eleftheria E Helmholtz Zentrum München - German Research Centre for Environmental Health, Institute of Translational Genomics, Neuherberg, Germany.
Zerwas S Zerwas Stephanie S Department of Psychiatry, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA.
Zipfel S Zipfel Stephan S Department of Internal Medicine VI, Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Medical Hospital Tuebingen, Tuebingen, Germany.
Bergen AW Bergen Andrew W AW Oregon Research Institute, Eugene, Oregon, USA.
Boden JM Boden Joseph M JM Christchurch Health and Development Study, University of Otago, Christchurch, New Zealand.
Brandt H Brandt Harry H The Center for Eating Disorders at Sheppard Pratt, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.
Crawford S Crawford Steven S The Center for Eating Disorders at Sheppard Pratt, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.
Halmi KA Halmi Katherine A KA Department of Psychiatry, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, New York, USA.
Horwood LJ Horwood L John LJ Christchurch Health and Development Study, University of Otago, Christchurch, New Zealand.
Johnson C Johnson Craig C Eating Recovery Center, Denver, Colorado, USA.
Kaplan AS Kaplan Allan S AS Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Kaye WH Kaye Walter H WH Department of Psychiatry, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California, USA.
Mitchell J Mitchell James J Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Science, University of North Dakota School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Fargo, North Dakota, USA.
Olsen CM Olsen Catherine M CM Population Health Department, QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.
Pearson JF Pearson John F JF Biostatistics and Computational Biology Unit, University of Otago, Christchurch, New Zealand.
Pedersen NL Pedersen Nancy L NL Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
Strober M Strober Michael M David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, USA.
Werge T Werge Thomas T Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
Whiteman DC Whiteman David C DC Population Health Department, QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.
Woodside DB Woodside D Blake DB Program for Eating Disorders, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Grove J Grove Jakob J Bioinformatics Research Centre, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark.
Henders AK Henders Anjali K AK Institute for Molecular Bioscience, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.
Larsen JT Larsen Janne T JT Centre for Integrated Register-based Research (CIRRAU), Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark.
Parker R Parker Richard R QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.
Petersen LV Petersen Liselotte V LV Centre for Integrated Register-based Research (CIRRAU), Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark.
Jordan J Jordan Jennifer J Canterbury District Health Board, Christchurch, New Zealand.
Kennedy MA Kennedy Martin A MA Department of Pathology and Biomedical Science, University of Otago, Christchurch, New Zealand.
Birgegård A Birgegård Andreas A Center for Psychiatry Research, Stockholm Health Care Services, Stockholm City Council, Stockholm, Sweden.
Lichtenstein P Lichtenstein Paul P Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
Norring C Norring Claes C Center for Psychiatry Research, Stockholm Health Care Services, Stockholm City Council, Stockholm, Sweden.
Landén M Landén Mikael M Department of Psychiatry and Neurochemistry, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, The Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
Mortensen PB Mortensen Preben Bo PB Centre for Integrated Register-based Research (CIRRAU), Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark.
Polimanti R Polimanti Renato R Veterans Affairs Connecticut Healthcare System, West Haven, Connecticut, USA.
McClintick JN McClintick Jeanette N JN Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA.
Adkins AE Adkins Amy E AE College Behavioral and Emotional Health Institute, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia, USA.
Aliev F Aliev Fazil F Faculty of Business, Karabuk University, Karabuk, Turkey.
Bacanu SA Bacanu Silviu-Alin SA Department of Psychiatry, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia, USA.
Batzler A Batzler Anthony A Psychiatric Genomics and Pharmacogenomics Program, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA.
Bertelsen S Bertelsen Sarah S Department of Neuroscience, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York, USA.
Biernacka JM Biernacka Joanna M JM Department of Psychiatry and Psychology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA.
Bigdeli TB Bigdeli Tim B TB Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, State University of New York Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, New York, USA.
Chen LS Chen Li-Shiun LS Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, Missouri, USA.
Clarke TK Clarke Toni-Kim TK Division of Psychiatry, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK.
Degenhardt F Degenhardt Franziska F Institute of Human Genetics, University of Bonn School of Medicine & University Hospital Bonn, Bonn, Germany.
Docherty AR Docherty Anna R AR Department of Psychiatry, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA.
Edwards AC Edwards Alexis C AC Department of Psychiatry, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia, USA.
Foo JC Foo Jerome C JC Department of Genetic Epidemiology in Psychiatry, Central Institute of Mental Health, Medical Faculty Mannheim, Heidelberg University, Mannheim, Germany.
Fox L Fox Louis L Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, Missouri, USA.
Frank J Frank Josef J Department of Genetic Epidemiology in Psychiatry, Central Institute of Mental Health, Medical Faculty Mannheim, Heidelberg University, Mannheim, Germany.
Hack LM Hack Laura M LM Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University, Stanford, California, USA.
Hartmann AM Hartmann Annette M AM Department of Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, Martin-Luther-University Halle-Wittenberg, Halle (Saale), Germany.
Hartz SM Hartz Sarah M SM Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, Missouri, USA.
Heilmann-Heimbach S Heilmann-Heimbach Stefanie S Institute of Human Genetics, University of Bonn School of Medicine & University Hospital Bonn, Bonn, Germany.
Hodgkinson C Hodgkinson Colin C Laboratory of Neurogenetics, NIH/NIAAA, Bethesda, Maryland, USA.
Hoffmann P Hoffmann Per P Institute of Medical Genetics and Pathology, University Hospital Basel, University Hospital Basel, Basel, Switzerland.
Hottenga JJ Hottenga Jouke-Jan JJ Department of Biological Psychology, Amsterdam Public Health Research Institute, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
Konte B Konte Bettina B Department of Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, Martin-Luther-University Halle-Wittenberg, Halle (Saale), Germany.
Lahti J Lahti Jari J Turku Institute for Advanced Studies, University of Turku, Turku, Finland.
Lahti-Pulkkinen M Lahti-Pulkkinen Marius M Department of Psychology and Logopedics, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.
Lai D Lai Dongbing D Department of Medical and Molecular Genetics, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA.
Ligthart L Ligthart Lannie L Department of Biological Psychology, Amsterdam Public Health Research Institute, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
Loukola A Loukola Anu A Institute for Molecular Medicine FIMM, HiLIFE, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.
Maher BS Maher Brion S BS Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.
Mbarek H Mbarek Hamdi H Department of Biological Psychology, Amsterdam Public Health Research Institute, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
McIntosh AM McIntosh Andrew M AM Division of Psychiatry, Centre for Cognitive Ageing and Cognitive Epidemiology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK.
McQueen MB McQueen Matthew B MB Department of Integrative Physiology, University of Colorado Boulder, Boulder, Colorado, USA.
Meyers JL Meyers Jacquelyn L JL Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Henri Begleiter Neurodynamics Laboratory, SUNY Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, New York, USA.
Milaneschi Y Milaneschi Yuri Y Department of Psychiatry, Amsterdam Public Health Research Institute, VU University Medical Center/GGz inGeest, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
Palviainen T Palviainen Teemu T Institute for Molecular Medicine FIMM, HiLIFE, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.
Peterson RE Peterson Roseann E RE Department of Psychiatry, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia, USA.
Ryu E Ryu Euijung E Department of Psychiatry and Psychology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA.
Saccone NL Saccone Nancy L NL Department of Sociology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA.
Salvatore JE Salvatore Jessica E JE Department of Psychiatry, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia, USA.
Sanchez-Roige S Sanchez-Roige Sandra S Department of Psychiatry, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California, USA.
Schwandt M Schwandt Melanie M Department of Medicine (Biomedical Genetics), Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.
Sherva R Sherva Richard R Department of Epidemiology, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA.
Streit F Streit Fabian F Department of Genetic Epidemiology in Psychiatry, Central Institute of Mental Health, Medical Faculty Mannheim, Heidelberg University, Mannheim, Germany.
Strohmaier J Strohmaier Jana J Department of Genetic Epidemiology in Psychiatry, Central Institute of Mental Health, Medical Faculty Mannheim, Heidelberg University, Mannheim, Germany.
Thomas N Thomas Nathaniel N College Behavioral and Emotional Health Institute, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia, USA.
Wang JC Wang Jen-Chyong JC Department of Neuroscience, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York, USA.
Webb BT Webb Bradley T BT Department of Psychiatry, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia, USA.
Wedow R Wedow Robbee R Department of Pharmacology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado, USA.
Wetherill L Wetherill Leah L Department of Medical and Molecular Genetics, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA.
Wills AG Wills Amanda G AG Institute of Behavioral Science, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado, USA.
Zhou H Zhou Hang H Veterans Affairs Connecticut Healthcare System, West Haven, Connecticut, USA.
Boardman JD Boardman Jason D JD Department of Molecular Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA.
Chen D Chen Danfeng D Stanley Center for Psychiatric Research, Broad Institute of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA.
Choi DS Choi Doo-Sup DS Department of Psychiatry, University of Vermont Medical Center, Burlington, Vermont, USA.
Copeland WE Copeland William E WE Department of Medicine, Division of Biostatistics, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, Missouri, USA.
Culverhouse RC Culverhouse Robert C RC Department of Psychiatry, University of Mainz, Mainz, Germany.
Dahmen N Dahmen Norbert N National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
Degenhardt L Degenhardt Louisa L Stanford University Graduate School of Education, Stanford University, Stanford, California, USA.
Domingue BW Domingue Benjamin W BW Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Düsseldorf, Duesseldorf, Germany.
Frye MA Frye Mark A MA Department of Psychiatry and Psychology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA.
Gäbel W Gäbel Wolfgang W MRC Human Genetics Unit, Institute of Genetics and Molecular Medicine, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK.
Hayward C Hayward Caroline C Max-Planck-Institute of Psychiatry, Munich, Germany.
Ising M Ising Marcus M Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA.
Keyes M Keyes Margaret M Department of Addictive Behavior and Addiction Medicine, Central Institute of Mental Health, Medical Faculty Mannheim, Heidelberg University, Mannheim, Germany.
Kiefer F Kiefer Falk F Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University Hospital, LMU Munich, Munich, Germany.
Koller G Koller Gabriele G Department of Psychiatry, University of Iowa Roy J and Lucille A Carver College of Medicine, Iowa City, Iowa, USA.
Kramer J Kramer John J Addictions Department, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience, King's College London, London, UK.
Kuperman S Kuperman Samuel S Department of Psychiatry, University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany.
Lucae S Lucae Susanne S Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA.
Lynskey MT Lynskey Michael T MT Department of Psychiatry, University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany.
Maier W Maier Wolfgang W Department of Public Health Solutions, National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland.
Mann K Mann Karl K Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University Hospital, LMU Munich, Munich, Germany.
Männistö S Männistö Satu S Department of Statistical Genetics, Max-Planck-Institute of Psychiatry, München, Germany.
Müller-Myhsok B Müller-Myhsok Bertram B Aberdeen Biomedical Imaging Centre, School of Medicine, Medical Sciences & Nutrition, University of Aberdeen, Foresterhill, Aberdeen, UK.
Murray AD Murray Alison D AD Department of Psychiatry, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA.
Nurnberger JI Nurnberger John I JI Department of Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, Martin-Luther-University Halle-Wittenberg, Herborn, Germany.
Preuss U Preuss Ulrich U School of Pharmacy, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA.
Räikkönen K Räikkönen Katri K Department of Psychology and Logopedics, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.
Reynolds MD Reynolds Maureen D MD Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Regensburg Psychiatric Health Care Aargau, Regensburg, Germany.
Ridinger M Ridinger Monika M Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy and Department of Addictive Behaviour and Addiction Medicine, Medical Faculty, LVR-Hospital Essen, University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany.
Scherbaum N Scherbaum Norbert N Medical Park Chiemseeblick in Bernau-Felden, Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Bernau am Chiemsee, Germany.
Schuckit MA Schuckit Marc A MA Department of Psychiatry, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California, USA.
Soyka M Soyka Michael M Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany.
Treutlein J Treutlein Jens J Department of Genetic Epidemiology in Psychiatry, Central Institute of Mental Health, Medical Faculty Mannheim, Heidelberg University, Mannheim, Germany.
Witt SH Witt Stephanie H SH Department of Genetic Epidemiology in Psychiatry, Central Institute of Mental Health, Medical Faculty Mannheim, Heidelberg University, Mannheim, Germany.
Wodarz N Wodarz Norbert N Department of Psychiatry, Psychiatric Hospital, Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Munich, Germany.
Zill P Zill Peter P Department of Sociology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA.
Adkins DE Adkins Daniel E DE Department of Psychology, University of California San Diego, San Diego, California, USA.
Boomsma DI Boomsma Dorret I DI Department of Biological Psychology, Amsterdam Public Health Research Institute, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
Bierut LJ Bierut Laura J LJ Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, Missouri, USA.
Brown SA Brown Sandra A SA Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, USA.
Bucholz KK Bucholz Kathleen K KK Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, Missouri, USA.
Costello EJ Costello E Jane EJ Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neuroscience, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA.
de Wit H de Wit Harriet H NIAAA Intramural Research Program, Bethesda, Maryland, USA.
Diazgranados N Diazgranados Nancy N Department of General Practice and Primary Health Care, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.
Eriksson JG Eriksson Johan G JG Department of Neurology, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.
Farrer LA Farrer Lindsay A LA Office of the Clinical Director, NIH/NIAAA, Besthesda, Maryland, USA.
Foroud TM Foroud Tatiana M TM Department of Medical and Molecular Genetics, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA.
Gillespie NA Gillespie Nathan A NA Department of Psychiatry, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia, USA.
Goate AM Goate Alison M AM Department of Neuroscience, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York, USA.
Goldman D Goldman David D Center for Omics Discovery and Epidemiology, Behavioral Health Research Division, RTI International, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, USA.
Grucza RA Grucza Richard A RA Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, Missouri, USA.
Hancock DB Hancock Dana B DB Department of Sociology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA.
Harris KM Harris Kathleen Mullan KM Department of Psychiatry, University of Connecticut School of Medicine, Farmington, Connecticut, USA.
Hesselbrock V Hesselbrock Victor V Institute for Behavioral Genetics, University of Colorado Boulder, Boulder, Colorado, USA.
Hewitt JK Hewitt John K JK Department of Psychiatry, University of Colorado Denver, Aurora, Colorado, USA.
Hopfer CJ Hopfer Christian J CJ Fellow Program, RTI International, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, USA.
Iacono WG Iacono William G WG Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University Hospital, LMU Munich, Munich, Germany.
Johnson EO Johnson Eric O EO Center for Studies of Addiction, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.
Karpyak VM Karpyak Victor M VM Department of Health Sciences Research, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA.
Kendler KS Kendler Kenneth S KS Department of Psychiatry, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia, USA.
Kranzler HR Kranzler Henry R HR Department of Molecular, Cellular, and Developmental Biology, University of Colorado Boulder, Boulder, Colorado, USA.
Krauter K Krauter Kenneth K Peter Boris Centre for Addictions Research, McMaster University/St. Joseph's Healthcare Hamilton, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.
Lind PA Lind Penelope A PA QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.
McGue M McGue Matt M Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University Hospital, LMU Munich, Munich, Germany.
MacKillop J MacKillop James J Institute for Genomic Medicine, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California, USA.
Madden PAF Madden Pamela A F PAF Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, Missouri, USA.
Maes HH Maes Hermine H HH Virginia Institute for Psychiatric and Behavioral Genetics, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia, USA.
Magnusson PKE Magnusson Patrik K E PKE Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
Nelson EC Nelson Elliot C EC Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, Missouri, USA.
Nöthen MM Nöthen Markus M MM Institute of Human Genetics, University of Bonn School of Medicine & University Hospital Bonn, Bonn, Germany.
Palmer AA Palmer Abraham A AA Department of Psychiatry, Amsterdam UMC, VU University and GGZinGeest, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
Penninx BWJH Penninx Brenda W J H BWJH Department of Psychological & Brain Sciences, Indiana University Bloomington, Bloomington, Indiana, USA.
Porjesz B Porjesz Bernice B Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Henri Begleiter Neurodynamics Laboratory, SUNY Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, New York, USA.
Rice JP Rice John P JP Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, Missouri, USA.
Rietschel M Rietschel Marcella M Department of Genetic Epidemiology in Psychiatry, Central Institute of Mental Health, Medical Faculty Mannheim, Heidelberg University, Mannheim, Germany.
Riley BP Riley Brien P BP Department of Psychiatry, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia, USA.
Rose RJ Rose Richard J RJ Department of Biostatistics, Yale School of Public Health, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, USA.
Shen PH Shen Pei-Hong PH Laboratory of Neurogenetics, NIH/NIAAA, Bethesda, Maryland, USA.
Silberg J Silberg Judy J Department of Psychiatry, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia, USA.
Stallings MC Stallings Michael C MC Fellow Program, RTI International, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, USA.
Tarter RE Tarter Ralph E RE Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy and Department of Addictive Behaviour and Addiction Medicine, Medical Faculty, LVR-Hospital Essen, University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany.
Vanyukov MM Vanyukov Michael M MM Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy and Department of Addictive Behaviour and Addiction Medicine, Medical Faculty, LVR-Hospital Essen, University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany.
Vrieze S Vrieze Scott S Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University Hospital, LMU Munich, Munich, Germany.
Wall TL Wall Tamara L TL Department of Psychiatry, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California, USA.
Whitfield JB Whitfield John B JB QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.
Zhao H Zhao Hongyu H School of Psychology, Flinders University, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.
Neale BM Neale Benjamin M BM Stanley Center for Psychiatric Research, Broad Institute of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA.
Wade TD Wade Tracey D TD Queensland Brain Institute, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.
Heath AC Heath Andrew C AC Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, Missouri, USA.
Montgomery GW Montgomery Grant W GW Department of Genetics, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA.
Martin NG Martin Nicholas G NG QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.
Sullivan PF Sullivan Patrick F PF Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
Kaprio J Kaprio Jaakko J Institute for Molecular Medicine FIMM, HiLIFE, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.
Breen G Breen Gerome G National Institute for Health Research Biomedical Research Centre, King's College London and South London and Maudsley National Health Service Trust, London, UK.
Gelernter J Gelernter Joel J Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA.
Edenberg HJ Edenberg Howard J HJ Department of Medical and Molecular Genetics, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA.
Bulik CM Bulik Cynthia M CM Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA.
Agrawal A Agrawal Arpana A Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, Missouri, USA.
INVESTIGATORS
JOURNAL
VOLUME:
ISSUE:
TITLE: Addiction biology
ISOABBREVIATION: Addict Biol
YEAR: 2020
MONTH: Feb
DAY: 16
MEDLINEDATE:
SEASON:
CITEDMEDIUM: Internet
ISSN: 1369-1600
ISSNTYPE: Electronic
MEDLINE JOURNAL
MEDLINETA: Addict Biol
COUNTRY: United States
ISSNLINKING: 1355-6215
NLMUNIQUEID: 9604935
PUBLICATION TYPE
PUBLICATIONTYPE TEXT
Journal Article
COMMENTS AND CORRECTIONS
GRANTS
GENERAL NOTE
KEYWORDS
KEYWORD
eating disorders
genetic correlation
substance use
MESH HEADINGS
SUPPLEMENTARY MESH
GENE SYMBOLS
CHEMICALS
OTHER ID's