Genetic Epidemiology, Psychiatric Genetics, Asthma Genetics and Statistical Genetics Laboratories investigate the pattern of disease in families, particularly identical and non-identical twins, to assess the relative importance of genes and environment in a variety of important health problems.
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PMID
25134059
TITLE
Personality and Gambling Involvement: A Person-Centered Approach.
ABSTRACT
Individual differences in personality are likely to play an important role in explaining the propensity to gamble. One of the potential roadblocks to elucidating the relation between personality and gambling may be inadequately accounting for the diversity of gambling activities. The goal of the present study was to provide a comprehensive and nuanced portrait of the relation between personality and gambling by taking a multivariate approach to the co-use of multiple gambling activities and employing a broad inventory of potentially relevant personality dimensions. Participants were 4,669 individuals from a national Australian twin registry. Structured interviews including an extensive assessment of gambling behaviors were conducted, and personality questionnaires that included the Multidimensional Personality Questionnaire, the Sensation Seeking Scale, and the Magical Ideation Scale were completed. A latent class analysis of past-year involvement in 10 different gambling activities was performed to classify the participants into 5 groups. Unique personality configurations characterized the 3 more gambling-involved latent classes: (a) low behavioral control in the context of high negative emotionality and magical thinking typified extensive, versatile gamblers at high risk of gambling problems; (b) average behavioral control in the context of high negative emotionality and magical thinking typified those who primarily gambled on non-strategic games of chance; (c) low behavioral control in the context of high positive emotionality and low magical ideation typified those who primarily gambled on strategic games of skill. This study illustrates the value of using a multivariate person-centered approach for characterizing the personality correlates of the multifaceted phenomenon that is gambling. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved).
DATE PUBLISHED
2014 Aug 18
HISTORY
PUBSTATUS PUBSTATUSDATE
entrez 2014/08/19 06:00
pubmed 2014/08/19 06:00
medline 2014/08/19 06:00
AUTHORS
NAME COLLECTIVENAME LASTNAME FORENAME INITIALS AFFILIATION AFFILIATIONINFO
Savage JE Savage Jeanne E JE
Slutske WS Slutske Wendy S WS
Martin NG Martin Nicholas G NG
INVESTIGATORS
JOURNAL
VOLUME:
ISSUE:
TITLE: Psychology of addictive behaviors : journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
ISOABBREVIATION: Psychol Addict Behav
YEAR: 2014
MONTH: Aug
DAY: 18
MEDLINEDATE:
SEASON:
CITEDMEDIUM: Internet
ISSN: 1939-1501
ISSNTYPE: Electronic
MEDLINE JOURNAL
MEDLINETA: Psychol Addict Behav
COUNTRY: United States
ISSNLINKING: 0893-164X
NLMUNIQUEID: 8802734
PUBLICATION TYPE
PUBLICATIONTYPE TEXT
JOURNAL ARTICLE
COMMENTS AND CORRECTIONS
GRANTS
GRANTID AGENCY COUNTRY
R01 MH066206 NIMH NIH HHS United States
GENERAL NOTE
KEYWORDS
MESH HEADINGS
SUPPLEMENTARY MESH
GENE SYMBOLS
CHEMICALS
OTHER ID's