Genetic Epidemiology, Psychiatric Genetics, Asthma Genetics and Statistical Genetics Laboratories investigate the pattern of disease in families, particularly identical and non-identical twins, to assess the relative importance of genes and environment in a variety of important health problems.
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PMID
23634679
TITLE
Differences in behavioral characteristics between dogs obtained as puppies from pet stores and those obtained from noncommercial breeders.
ABSTRACT
OBJECTIVE NlmCategory: OBJECTIVE
To compare the owner-reported prevalence of behavioral characteristics in dogs obtained as puppies from pet stores with that of dogs obtained as puppies from noncommercial breeders.
DESIGN NlmCategory: METHODS
Cross-sectional study. Animals-Dogs obtained as puppies from pet stores (n = 413) and breeder-obtained dogs (5,657).
PROCEDURES NlmCategory: METHODS
Behavioral evaluations were obtained from a large convenience sample of current dog owners with the online version of the Canine Behavioral Assessment and Research Questionnaire, which uses ordinal scales to rate either the intensity or frequency of the dogs' behavior. Hierarchic linear and logistic regression models were used to analyze the effects of source of acquisition on behavioral outcomes when various confounding and intervening variables were controlled for.
RESULTS NlmCategory: RESULTS
Pet store-derived dogs received significantly less favorable scores than did breeder-obtained dogs on 12 of 14 of the behavioral variables measured; pet store dogs did not score more favorably than breeder dogs in any behavioral category. Compared with dogs obtained as puppies from noncommercial breeders, dogs obtained as puppies from pet stores had significantly greater aggression toward human family members, unfamiliar people, and other dogs; greater fear of other dogs and nonsocial stimuli; and greater separation-related problems and house soiling.
CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE NlmCategory: CONCLUSIONS
Obtaining dogs from pet stores versus noncommercial breeders represented a significant risk factor for the development of a wide range of undesirable behavioral characteristics. Until the causes of the unfavorable differences detected in this group of dogs can be specifically identified and remedied, the authors cannot recommend that puppies be obtained from pet stores.
DATE PUBLISHED
2013 May 15
HISTORY
PUBSTATUS PUBSTATUSDATE
entrez 2013/05/03 06:00
pubmed 2013/05/03 06:00
medline 2013/12/16 06:00
AUTHORS
NAME COLLECTIVENAME LASTNAME FORENAME INITIALS AFFILIATION AFFILIATIONINFO
McMillan FD McMillan Franklin D FD Best Friends Animal Society, 5001 Angel Canyon Rd, Kanab, UT 84741, USA. dr.frank@bestfriends.org
Serpell JA Serpell James A JA
Duffy DL Duffy Deborah L DL
Masaoud E Masaoud Elmabrok E
Dohoo IR Dohoo Ian R IR
INVESTIGATORS
JOURNAL
VOLUME: 242
ISSUE: 10
TITLE: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
ISOABBREVIATION: J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc.
YEAR: 2013
MONTH: May
DAY: 15
MEDLINEDATE:
SEASON:
CITEDMEDIUM: Internet
ISSN: 1943-569X
ISSNTYPE: Electronic
MEDLINE JOURNAL
MEDLINETA: J Am Vet Med Assoc
COUNTRY: United States
ISSNLINKING: 0003-1488
NLMUNIQUEID: 7503067
PUBLICATION TYPE
PUBLICATIONTYPE TEXT
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
COMMENTS AND CORRECTIONS
REFTYPE REFSOURCE REFPMID NOTE
CommentIn J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2013 Jul 15;243(2):189 23822072
CommentIn J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2013 Jul 15;243(2):190 23980313
CommentIn J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2013 Jul 15;243(2):189-90 23980312
GRANTS
GENERAL NOTE
KEYWORDS
MESH HEADINGS
DESCRIPTORNAME QUALIFIERNAME
Animal Husbandry
Animal Welfare
Animals
Behavior, Animal
Data Collection
Dogs
Multivariate Analysis
Questionnaires
SUPPLEMENTARY MESH
GENE SYMBOLS
CHEMICALS
OTHER ID's