Genetic Epidemiology, Psychiatric Genetics, Asthma Genetics and Statistical Genetics Laboratories investigate the pattern of disease in families, particularly identical and non-identical twins, to assess the relative importance of genes and environment in a variety of important health problems.
QIMR Home Page
GenEpi Home Page
Publications
Contacts
Research
Staff Index
Collaborators
Software Tools
Computing Resources
Studies
Search
GenEpi Intranet
PMID
23071800
TITLE
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in Australian adults: prevalence, persistence, conduct problems and disadvantage.
ABSTRACT
BACKGROUND NlmCategory: BACKGROUND
The Prevalence and persistence of ADHD have not been described in young Australian adults and few studies have examined how conduct problems (CP) are associated with ADHD for this age group. We estimate lifetime and adult prevalence and persistence rates for three categories of ADHD for 3795 Australian adults, and indicate how career, health and childhood risk factors differ for people with ADHD symptoms and ADHD symptoms plus CP.
METHODOLOGY NlmCategory: METHODS
Trained interviewers collected participant experience of ADHD, CP, education, employment, childhood experience, relationship and health variables. Three diagnostic definitions of ADHD used were (i) full DSM-IV criteria; (ii) excluding the age 7 onset criterion (no age criterion); (iii) participant experienced difficulties due to ADHD symptoms (problem symptoms).
RESULTS NlmCategory: RESULTS
Prevalence rates in adulthood were 1.1%, 2.3% and 2.7% for each categorization respectively. Persistence of ADHD from childhood averaged across gender was 55.3% for full criteria, 50.3% with no age criterion and 40.2% for problem symptoms. ADHD symptoms were associated with parental conflict, poor health, being sexually assaulted during childhood, lower education, income loss and higher unemployment. The lifetime prevalence of conduct problems for adults with ADHD was 57.8% and 6.9% for adults without ADHD. The greatest disadvantage was experienced by participants with ADHD plus CP.
CONCLUSION NlmCategory: CONCLUSIONS
The persistence of ADHD into adulthood was greatest for participants meeting full diagnostic criteria and inattention was associated with the greatest loss of income and disadvantage. The disadvantage associated with conduct problems differed in severity and was relevant for a high proportion of adults with ADHD. Women but not men with ADHD reported more childhood adversity, possibly indicating varied etiology and treatment needs. The impact and treatment needs of adults with ADHD and CP and the report of sexual assault during childhood by women and men with ADHD also deserve further study.
DATE PUBLISHED
2012
HISTORY
PUBSTATUS PUBSTATUSDATE
received 2012/04/11
accepted 2012/09/13
epublish 2012/10/10
entrez 2012/10/17 06:00
pubmed 2012/10/17 06:00
medline 2013/02/23 06:00
AUTHORS
NAME COLLECTIVENAME LASTNAME FORENAME INITIALS AFFILIATION AFFILIATIONINFO
Ebejer JL Ebejer Jane L JL School Of Rural Science and Agriculture, University of New England, Armidale, New South Wales, Australia. jebejer@une.edu.au
Medland SE Medland Sarah E SE
van der Werf J van der Werf Julius J
Gondro C Gondro Cedric C
Henders AK Henders Anjali K AK
Lynskey M Lynskey Michael M
Martin NG Martin Nicholas G NG
Duffy DL Duffy David L DL
INVESTIGATORS
JOURNAL
VOLUME: 7
ISSUE: 10
TITLE: PloS one
ISOABBREVIATION: PLoS ONE
YEAR: 2012
MONTH:
DAY:
MEDLINEDATE:
SEASON:
CITEDMEDIUM: Internet
ISSN: 1932-6203
ISSNTYPE: Electronic
MEDLINE JOURNAL
MEDLINETA: PLoS One
COUNTRY: United States
ISSNLINKING: 1932-6203
NLMUNIQUEID: 101285081
PUBLICATION TYPE
PUBLICATIONTYPE TEXT
Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Twin Study
COMMENTS AND CORRECTIONS
REFTYPE REFSOURCE REFPMID NOTE
Cites Psychol Bull. 1997 Jan;121(1):65-94 9000892
Cites J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 1996 Jul;37(5):569-78 8807437
Cites Am J Psychiatry. 1999 Oct;156(10):1515-21 10518160
Cites Arch Dis Child. 2005 Feb;90 Suppl 1:i2-7 15665153
Cites Biol Psychiatry. 2005 Jun 1;57(11):1442-51 15950019
Cites J Occup Environ Med. 2005 Jun;47(6):565-72 15951716
Cites Psychol Med. 2005 Jun;35(6):817-27 15997602
Cites J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2005 Aug;44(8):768-75 16034278
Cites Am J Psychiatry. 2006 Apr;163(4):716-23 16585449
Cites Br J Psychiatry. 2007 Jan;190:1-3 17197648
Cites Br J Psychiatry. 2007 May;190:402-9 17470954
Cites Am J Psychiatry. 2007 Jun;164(6):942-8 17541055
Cites Behav Genet. 2007 Jul;37(4):559-66 17443404
Cites Acta Paediatr. 2007 Sep;96(9):1269-74 17718779
Cites J Atten Disord. 2008 Jan;11(4):445-58 18083961
Cites J Neural Transm. 2008;115(2):177-86 18200433
Cites J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2008 Jul;47(7):797-807 18520958
Cites Occup Environ Med. 2008 Dec;65(12):835-42 18505771
Cites J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2009 Jan;48(1):25-34 19218895
Cites PLoS One. 2010;5(5):e10621 20485550
Cites PLoS One. 2012;7(2):e31500 22347487
Cites Am J Psychiatry. 2000 May;157(5):816-8 10784477
Cites Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2000 May;182(5):1250-7 10819867
Cites J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2000 Nov;41(8):1039-48 11099120
Cites Psychol Bull. 2001 Sep;127(5):571-98 11548968
Cites Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev. 2001 Sep;4(3):183-207 11783738
Cites J Dev Behav Pediatr. 2002 Feb;23(1):16-22 11889347
Cites Acad Emerg Med. 2002 Apr;9(4):330-41 11927463
Cites Psychiatr Serv. 2002 Sep;53(9):1103-11 12221308
Cites Child Dev. 2003 May-Jun;74(3):933-43 12795399
Cites J Atten Disord. 2003 Nov;7(2):93-100 15018358
Cites J Stud Alcohol. 1994 Mar;55(2):149-58 8189735
Cites J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 1999 Mar;40(3):347-55 10190336
GRANTS
GRANTID AGENCY COUNTRY
DA018267 9 NIDA NIH HHS United States
GENERAL NOTE
KEYWORDS
MESH HEADINGS
DESCRIPTORNAME QUALIFIERNAME
Adult
Age Factors
Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity epidemiology
Australia epidemiology
Child epidemiology
Conduct Disorder epidemiology
Educational Status epidemiology
Female epidemiology
Humans epidemiology
Interviews as Topic epidemiology
Male epidemiology
Prevalence epidemiology
Questionnaires epidemiology
Regression Analysis epidemiology
Risk Factors epidemiology
SUPPLEMENTARY MESH
GENE SYMBOLS
CHEMICALS
OTHER ID's
OTHERID SOURCE
PMC3468512 NLM