Genetic Epidemiology, Translational Neurogenomics, Psychiatric Genetics and Statistical Genetics Laboratories investigate the pattern of disease in families, particularly identical and non-identical twins, to assess the relative importance of genes and environment in a variety of important health problems.
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PMID
10480746
TITLE
A religious upbringing reduces the influence of genetic factors on disinhibition: evidence for interaction between genotype and environment on personality.
ABSTRACT
Information on personality, on anxiety and depression and on several aspects of religion was collected in 1974 Dutch families consisting of adolescent and young adult twins and their parents. Analyses of these data showed that differences between individuals in religious upbringing, in religious affiliation and in participation in church activities are not influenced by genetic factors. The familial resemblance for different aspects of religion is high, but can be explained entirely by environmental influences common to family members. Shared genes do not contribute to familial resemblances in religion. The absence of genetic influences on variation in several dimensions of religion is in contrast to findings of genetic influences on a large number of other traits that were studied in these twin families. Differences in religious background are associated with differences in personality, especially in Sensation Seeking. Subjects with a religious upbringing, who are currently religious and who engage in church activities score lower on the scales of the Sensation Seeking Questionnaire. The most pronounced effect is on the Disinhibition scale. The resemblances between twins for the Disinhibition scale differ according to their religious upbringing. Receiving a religious upbringing seems to reduce the influence of genetic factors on Disinhibition, especially in males.
DATE PUBLISHED
1999 Jun
HISTORY
PUBSTATUS PUBSTATUSDATE
pubmed 1999/09/10
medline 1999/09/10 00:01
entrez 1999/09/10 00:00
AUTHORS
NAME COLLECTIVENAME LASTNAME FORENAME INITIALS AFFILIATION AFFILIATIONINFO
Boomsma DI Boomsma D I DI Department of Biological Psychology, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. dorret@psy.vu.nl
de Geus EJ de Geus E J EJ
van Baal GC van Baal G C GC
Koopmans JR Koopmans J R JR
INVESTIGATORS
JOURNAL
VOLUME: 2
ISSUE: 2
TITLE: Twin research : the official journal of the International Society for Twin Studies
ISOABBREVIATION: Twin Res
YEAR: 1999
MONTH: Jun
DAY:
MEDLINEDATE:
SEASON:
CITEDMEDIUM: Print
ISSN: 1369-0523
ISSNTYPE: Print
MEDLINE JOURNAL
MEDLINETA: Twin Res
COUNTRY: Australia
ISSNLINKING: 1369-0523
NLMUNIQUEID: 9815819
PUBLICATION TYPE
PUBLICATIONTYPE TEXT
Journal Article
Twin Study
COMMENTS AND CORRECTIONS
GRANTS
GENERAL NOTE
KEYWORDS
MESH HEADINGS
DESCRIPTORNAME QUALIFIERNAME
Adolescent
Adolescent Behavior
Adult
Analysis of Variance
Anxiety genetics
Attitude genetics
Behavior genetics
Depression genetics
Environment genetics
Family Relations genetics
Female genetics
Health Behavior genetics
Humans genetics
Male genetics
Middle Aged genetics
Multivariate Analysis genetics
Netherlands genetics
Parent-Child Relations genetics
Personality genetics
Religion genetics
Sex Factors genetics
Twins genetics
Twins, Dizygotic genetics
Twins, Monozygotic genetics
SUPPLEMENTARY MESH
GENE SYMBOLS
CHEMICALS
OTHER ID's